Labor Strikes in Education and Health Care

Abstract

The current paper investigates the possibility of creating an education and health care systems that can exist without experiencing frequent strikes and workers unrest in the United States of America. Therefore, the aim of the proposal is to formulate an action plan that will include all the stakeholders in the mentioned sectors, which will bring a lasting solution to the problem that can negatively influence the society members.

Data Collection Methods

I will use a systematic means to ensure that the data I collect is right. I will employ the use of both qualitative and quantitative means of research. Issuing of questionnaires to the target group falls under the quantitative method. There will be different questions given for various groups in the research. For instance, it will be imperative to ask the students what they feel about teachers participating in strikes and how the Government must act to ensure that their academic activities are not affected in the event of a strike. The teachers, on the other hand, will have to answer questions connected to their point of view regarding the actions that the Government should take to prevent a future strike from occurring. Consequently, the theories in my literature review can be explained using such information. It also ensures that there is a better understanding of the issues in the sections that follow.

Qualitative research, which is based on interviews, will be essential, as well. I have seen the need to interview some of the stakeholders so that I could see the sincerity in whatever they say about the issue of strikes (Taylor, Bogdan, & DeVault, 2015). The method of interviewing will enable the correspondents to give their knowledge, roles, understanding, beliefs, and attitudes on overcoming labor strikes in the education and health care sectors. Interviews are important in receiving richer and clearer responses, as well as in obtaining other research questions from the quantitative research methods.

The study will utilize the descriptive method in the research strategy. The method serves to present facts about the status and the nature of the situation at hand and to describe the conditions basing on the information regarding how the respondents react to the research. The method is also concerned with the relationship, practices, and beliefs that exist, as well as the effects felt. Considering the fact that there is a need to develop a quick solution of the matter under discussion, the research will be cross-sectional. Accordingly, the cross-sectional study will employ the survey strategy, which will seek to describe the phenomenon of strikes and carry out a comparison between the two sectors.

Primary and secondary researches are critical for this study. The primary research will study and describe the current situation on the issue, whereas the secondary research will show what has occurred previously and how the two relate. The issue of labor strike has been a great problem for a long time hence the secondary research will present itself. The literature review has already presented some secondary data. From the results of the survey method, primary data will be obtained and ready for analysis on time. According to the survey method of the research, the participants will answer the questions that I will present to them either in the questionnaires or during the interview. Later, I will describe the information obtained in the process of interviews. The validity and reliability of the method depends on the constructing of useful questions. The questions should be clear and easy for interpretation by the correspondents. The questions will be open-ended, as they will allow for a greater variety of answers from the respondents. Despite the fact that open-ended questions are difficult to analyze, they will help me obtain all the necessary information hence the analysis part will be a challenge that would not be difficult to undertake (Wilcox, Gallagher, Boden-Albala, & Bakken, 2012).

I will employ the use of stratified sampling method in the collection of data. Since the country is big in size and the institutions connected to the sectors under study are spread all over its territory, it can take much time to move into every institution to gather necessary data. Consequently, since the country is divided into states, it would be easier to take each state as the stratum. The method will ensure that there is no bias. All the data will be collected through an online system, whereby the respondents will answer the questionnaires, as well as the interviews will be done online. Working online I will get an opportunity to save resources, which I would have used for moving around the country.

Data Analysis

Expected Results

From the survey data, I consider the principal reasons for striking in the education sector to be pay rise, lack of involvement in policies concerning the education sector and, finally, poor working conditions. The only variable is the personal reason to participate in a strike. Whereas some workers may consider pay rise as a core reason for them to go on strike, the other would be involved in it in regard to poor working environment, as well as failure to include them in decision-making process regarding the educational issues.
As for the health sector, I believe that the reasons for them to start striking would be a poor working environment, pay rise, as well as lack of funds for research purposes. Similarly to the situation with the education sector, I think that there are different reasons for each worker to participate in a strike.

Findings

Table 1

Source (Conner & Rabovsky, 2011)

The Table 1 above shows the percentage of reasons for workers to participate in a strike in the education sector. The highest percentage of workers (45%) feels that the reason that would push them to striking is a pay rise. Those who strike due to poor working conditions account for 33%, and finally, those who would participate in a strike due to the failure of being included in decision-making process stands at 22 % ( Conner & Rabovsky, 2011).

Table 2

Source (McHugh, Kutney-Lee, Cimiotti, Sloane & Aiken, 2011)

The Table 2 above shows the percentage of reasons for workers to participate in a strike in the health care sector. Poor working conditions in the sector are a driving factor for 52% of respondents. It is attributed to the fact that the workers fear most about their lives as having a friendly environment for working is a key factor for their own well-being. Striking for a pay rise takes a second place with 32 % (McHugh, Kutney-Lee, Cimiotti, Sloane, & Aiken, 2011). Such information proves that health sector workers are dedicated to their work. As a result, pay rise is not among the main goals of the workers, since they strive for delivering their services to the society at the first place. Funding for purposes of research is another reason for striking, though it comes last from the options given with 18%. It can be caused by the fact that there are not many people who carry out researches in the health care sector. Consequently, most of the workers would not appreciate the need to receive funding for purposes of research.

Conclusion

Labor strikes in the education and healthcare sectors are a menace that can be dealt with. The findings show that striking in the education sector is facilitated by the failure of the Government to review the requirements of workers for a pay rise. A clear policy needs to be put in place to make sure that the salaries of these workers are occasionally reviewed to prevent future occurrences. Issuing grants to enable them to improve their careers would also be useful method to overcome striking. Finally, the teachers must be included in all the processes of decision-making in the sector. As for the health care sector, ensuring that the working conditions are improved in the form of provision of all necessary amenities would prevent strikes. Implementing policies that would help review their pay will also reduce cases of unrest in the sector. Finally, devoting enough funds from the budget to deal with research cost would also make working in the sector more enjoyable.