Religion in Politics Essay Example
The Conflicts between Israel and Palestine
The 20th and the 21st centuries are known for a massive number of conflicts. The main warfare that has drawn people’s attention is the clash between the Palestinians Arabs and the Israeli, who were initially termed as the Zionist until they attained their sovereignty. The warfare between the two nations has evolved from the classical disputes into a modern paradox. The two associations have differing religious beliefs that the analysts perceive might be the origin of the political wrangles between the two nations. The Palestine incorporates various denominations, such as the Christians, significant number of Muslims and the Druze. Furthermore, the Israeli government adheres to the freedom of religion among its citizens. Basing on this, the Israelites profess various religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and a small number citizens profess Islam. The Israeli latest census recorded differing religious statistic of its entire nation. Buddhism amounts to 23,119, Christianity amounts to 142, 250, Islam amounts to 14.2% of the entire population, and Jehovah Witness amounts to 1,220 of the overall population (Boaz, 2005). It demonstrates that Israel has more Christians than the adherents of other religions. The dispute between Israel and Palestine is dated back to Biblical times. The strife originated as a struggle over land that both nations desired to occupy. The division of classical Palestinian land was the beginning of the conflict between the two nations among other factors. This paper will exhaustively elaborate the fundamental reasons that facilitated the conflict between Israel and Palestine. Again, it will outline the Israeli belief in religion and the significance of the famous Promised Land to both the Christians and the Jews.
The stiff rivalry between the two nations on the land of Palestine is a major cause of the conflict between the two nations. There were paradoxical promises issued by the British to both the Arabs and the Jewish occupants after the events of the First World War. The contribution of the British government represented by Hussein McMahon and the Balfour affirmation to the occupants of the land brought contradictory views to the people at the time (Bar-On, 2004). The British government was opposed to the partition of the Palestinian land into three major divisions. There was the state of Israel, the Gaza Strip and the Jordan River that were not initially there before the Second World War. The partition of the land implied that the natural resources will become randomly distributed from one partition to the other. In particular, the State of Israel has a significant number of natural resources, including copper ore, natural gas, sand for construction, and timber for the paper industry. In contrast, the area of west is not conducive for agricultural activities. Owing to these factors, the conflict arose between the Israelites and the Palestinians that each wanted the land that had beneficial natural resources.
The emergence of national organizations towards the end of the 19th century is another reason that contributed to the conflicts. The late 19th century saw a massive number of governmental organizations, including Arab nationalism and the classical Zionism. Furthermore, Zionism was a Jewish community movement that was put in place to perform the role of a communal movement in 1897(Fox and Sandler, 2006). The Jewish recognized the movement as a response to both the European anti-Semitism and Russian organizations. The major political goal of the movement was to create a Jewish Nation-State in the nation of Palestine to seek spiritual sanctuary. Another goal was to seek conscientious steadfastness in the places of sanctuary. In contrast, there was the World Zionist Movements that emphasized the policies of immigration to allow freedom of movement from one geographical boundary to another. It would allow the Israelites to migrate from the Israeli State to the Gaza Strip without the local administrative interference. Again, the Jewish people formulated the Jewish Communal Fund that financed the acquisition of the land in Palestine. The major contradiction was that the domestic movements only catered for the grievances of their group organizations, and neglected other movements. Owing to this, it contributed to the disputes between the Israelites represented by the Zionist movement and the Palestinians who were characterized by the Arab nationalism. Nevertheless, in the late of the 19th century anti-Semitism movements introduced contemporary migration that originated from the Central Europe. The anti-Semitism Policy stressed that the occupants of Palestine who did not have the Semites blood were not recognized as natives of Palestine (Fox and Sandler, 2006).
The dominion of Palestine by the United Kingdom and the decree of the League of Nations took the initial Palestinian Sovereignty. The fateful events of the WW1 and the fall of the Ottoman dynasty created political vulnerability across Palestine. The Ottoman regime had a systematic form of government that performed its administrative responsibility in an effective manner with the assistance from other smaller regimes. The leader of the Ottoman dynasty believed in the existence of a Supreme Being who played a pivotal role in their influence in Europe. The collapse of the empire exposed its political fragility, therefore, it fell a victim of the British colony. Furthermore, at the end of the First World War the British gave priority to on antagonistic promises to the occupants of Palestine in the forms of McMahon Hussein correspondence and the Balfour affirmation of 1917(Fox and Sandler, 2006). The peace meeting that was held in Paris, and other significant peace meetings, was aiming at making Palestine become British directive. The League of Nations accepted Palestine to become British mandate and this authorized the migration of the Jews into Palestine. It brought a lot of criticism from the Palestinians natives, including the Palestinian Arabs. The Palestinian Arabs were mostly Islamic who had contrasting religious beliefs to that of the Jews. Owing to this, the Arabs from Palestine disliked the immigration of Jews into their motherland. The immigration of Jews into Palestine generated friction between the Jewish and Arabs movements due to the religious differences. It led to the emergence of the street demonstrations that paved the way to physical assault, such as the 1920 Palestine anarchy and the catastrophic 1921 Palestinian turmoil (Karsh, 2010).Another major physical assault included the Hebron bloodbath of 1921 that paved the way for the Arab insurgency that took place between 1936 and 1939.
The anti-Semitic policy enhanced by German dictatorial leader Hitler is another decisive cause of conflict between the Israelites and the Palestinians. The British government was concentrating on establishing peace in the Arabic nation, precisely Palestine, after the catastrophic Arab insurgency of 1939 (Karsh, 2010). The revolt was instrumental in the loss of lives in Palestine that had a negative impact on the nation’s economy. The Palestinian government spent too much finances to assist the victims of the bloodbath and any other victims who were indirectly affected. Contrastingly, at the time of Arab insurgency dictatorial Hitler developed anti-Semitic policy in Germany that did not recognize people of the Semitic descent in the country. Because of this, the people of Jewish descent were sent away from Berlin and other cities in Germany. His policy made hatred among people of differing religions, including the bitterness that existed between the Muslims, the Jews and the Christians. Again, his anti-Semitic policy gradually became prevalent in other nations that were supporting Hitler’s regime. Jews who were chased away by Hitler migrated to Palestine after the immigration policy became legitimate. The Jews were not welcomed by the Arab Palestine since they had contrasting religious beliefs. The population of the Jews in Palestine increased to approximately 500,000 in 1935 and it created fear among the Arab natives (Miller, 2008). It implied that employment opportunities would minimize since there is population increase.
The reaction of the Jews after the Arab Insurgency of 1945 is another reason why the Israeli and the Palestinians are in conflict. Massive number of Jews was religiously discriminated by the Palestinian government since they had contrasting views of Islamic religion. The Arab youth carried out street demonstrations stressing their concern on the increasing population of the Jews in their cities. The youth demonstrations caused the loss of 157 Jews that instilled rage among the Jews who desperately desired to revenge for the losses (Karsh, 2010). Jews formed the spontaneous Jewish militia that was developed in the local regions precisely for domestic defence in case of any similar attacks from the Arab Palestine. The Jewish intransigence movement was declared operational by the Haganah’s radio station after its initial looting activity. Additionally, Jews residing in Palestine participated in voluminous terrorist organization. Their terrorism activities contributed to ambush of three meagre naval crafts that caused the loss of 2 Palestinians. They destroyed the railway lines and besieged the railway station and an operational oil refinery. Additionally, in the beginning of 1948 the Jewish terrorist movement caused colossal destruction of properties and the loss of lives in Palestine. The Jewish were doing the damaging activities for sole purpose of revenging for what happened to them during the Arab insurgency of 1939 (Miller, 2008).
Israeli Belief in Religion
The notion of Israel as a Jewish nation was significantly essential to the Israeli politicians from the initiation of the nation until now. However, in the early 1980 there was a small movement of the Jews that opposed the idea but Constitutional Law was implemented hindering them from antagonising the idea of the Jewish State (Miller, 2008). The official definition of the Jewish state meant that the state of the nation belongs to the individuals who are characterized by the Israeli jurisdiction as being Jewish regardless of where they reside. In other words, the state wholly becomes Jewish community of believers. Most essentially, it indicates that if persons of a Peruvian tribe are religiously transformed into Judaism, and hence recognized as Jewish, they are designated to become Israeli nationals (Miller, 2008). Owing to this, the Israeli administration legalised the freedom of religion to its citizen as long as the denomination is in conformance with the Israeli jurisdiction. Additionally, occupants of Israeli territory have embraced different religions, including Jewish domination, Christianity, Islam and Buddhism, among others.
An increasing number of Israeli population profess Christianity for religious significance. The Israelites perceives it as monotheistic denomination that emphasizes the elementary life and abundant teachings of Christ Jesus. He is believed to escalate his spiritual teaching from the Holy Ground of Nazareth that is found in the Contemporary Israel. Israeli Christian followers perceive that Jesus is the Holy Son of God and the Saviour foretold in the New Testament. Moreover, Christian believers share Holy Scriptures that are regarded similar to that followed by the Judaism. They consider that Jesus Christ our Lord redeemed humanity from earthly suffering by dying on the cross and resurrecting on the 3rd day (Molinaro, 2009). Christians from Israel consider that Jesus is a true teacher and represents a true definition of a noble life. In addition, he is regarded as the true discoverer of God that is imperative to the Christians beliefs. Christian followers consider that Christ ascended into Heaven from Israel as He was delivering his final message to the disciples at the time. Thanks to this, Christians regard the Israeli territory to have religious significance that they adhere to maintain. Most importantly, Christian followers elaborate the written description of the New Testament of Christ’s exhortation as the gospel of truth that they truly follow.
The existence of Judaism is another crucial evidence of the Israeli belief in religion. Judaism considers that its essential faith started with a transcendent agreement between the Holy Father of the old Israelites, and the father of great nations Abraham (Molinaro, 2009). Additionally, the Jews regard the existence of a Supreme Being who is the original creator. Jewish people need to worship and adore Him since He is unconditional ruler of both the ancient and the contemporary universe. The Jewish believe that he is omnipresent and therefore audits the activities that are performed by all people. If people practice good deeds they become rewarded by him and if they practice evil deeds, such as murder, the creator punishes them (Miller, 2008).
Israeli Perception of the Promised Land
The Israelites consider Canaan as the promised holy land that was prophesied to Abraham by God. The Jewish consider that their descendants were promised the land across the river Euphrates when God revealed it to Abraham in a dream (Miller, 2008). He emphasized that he will give his descendants a holy land extending from the river of Egypt to the immense river Euphrates. He later confirmed this by declaring that the Promised Land will extend from the desert to magnificent Lebanon, and the tremendous river of Euphrates. It includes all the lands of Palestine that have brought conflict between the Israelites and the Palestinian (Miller, 2008).
In conclusion, the conflict between the Israel and the Palestine has become a modern controversy that cannot be neglected. The existence of contrasting denominations cannot be used as the main cause of the conflict although it has made its contribution. Moreover, the conflict between the two nations that poses differing religious perspectives have contributed to the loss of lives, precisely in the modern Gaza. A lot of property has been sabotaged by the ongoing youth demonstration, which has deteriorated the nation’s efforts for economic development. Owing to this, the governments of both nations needs to settle the existing land disputes through fostering peace resolution and finding logical ways of partitioning the land that has brought controversies to safeguard its future generation.