Sport Development and Governance Sociology Essay
Sport development programmes have significantly developed in many higher learning institutions over the past few years. Modern colleges are using programmes to run sport activities in the United Kingdom (UK). In fact, British Universities and Colleges Sport has taken full responsibility and accountability of governing university sport in the UK (BUCS, 2015). This measure explains how essential sport is to these accredited educational institutions. Because of this, learning institutions should develop effective sport development programmes to offer sport opportunities to students. This paper outlines an appropriate sport development plan that will tackle the social problems, such as mental health, anxiety, and depression, in Lambeth Clapham College.
Definition of the Problem
A large number of students in the college are experiencing social problems. Like any other accredited learning institute, cases of depression, anxiety, and mental health are becoming common in this institution. According to a survey conducted in the UK, one out of roughly four undergraduate endures some form of mental affliction such as depression and anxiety (Mental Health Foundation, 2015). The majority of these students do not seek medical aid for mental health dilemmas. Perhaps, college education is quite stressful to these students in comparison to their previous high school experiences. Since the majority of the students are not able to work under extreme pressure, such a situation contributes to mental health deterioration, depression and anxiety.
Significance of the Social Problem among the Students
Excessive depression among these students may cause the students to simply leave the college (Boyraz et al., 2015). Those who are not able to endure the academic pressure and assignment workload may find it hard to study and concentrate in class. This situation may force them to leave school since they will feel helpless and despondent. Others may drop college with the depressing fear that they are not very sharp or brilliant in class. Because of this, the decision to abandon college generates substantial relief once made.
Depressed and anxious students are more vulnerable to developing social dilemmas such as drug abuse. (Colleges, 2015) .They may use harmful drugs to probably relieve academic stress and forget their college experiences. According to the research conducted in universities of the UK, more than two thirds of students with drug abuse problems suffer from the recognisable psychotic disorder such as depression (Mental Health Foundation, 2015). This situation shows that academically depressed college students are at a greater risk of engaging in substance abuse.
Persons with mental health issues, anxiety and depression are more likely to engage in excessive drinking, smoking marijuana and indulging in risky sexual behaviours (Colleges, 2015). Persons, including students, will probably engage in negative behaviour to control emotional pain. Besides, in case academic work becomes too challenging and demanding, they are more liable to have these social dilemmas since the majority have nothing else to rely on to free their minds.
Interim Impacts and Desired Behavioural Change
College students suffering from anxiety, mental health deterioration and depression may develop harmful habits. These common practices include poor diet, poor sleeping patterns and stress (Boyraz et al., 2015). Such behaviours obstruct student’s intra and interpersonal activities, academic and social assimilation and retention. Additionally, the form of emotional stress, an outcome of depression and anxiety among college students, may adopt physical shape and produce weakness. In some extreme cases, the physical form taken by stress may cause digestive complications and immune system vulnerability. Consequently, the mental pressure may take an emotional toll and produce anger, confusion and, to some extent, cause hysteria attacks from endless anxiety.
Developing a positive mindset and participating in stress outlet is the primary behavioural change for college students suffering from depression and high levels of anxiety (Boyraz et al., 2015). The students can engage in sport development programmes where they may join a sport of their choice, for instance, football, athletics, gymnastics, etc. If a student develops a positive mindset after joining these programmes, they will handle and manage any academic stress that comes along.
The students should incorporate a stress outlet to cope with routine academic pressure (Gambetta, 2007). They may change their usual behaviour of neglecting scholarly work and be in social activities instead, such as engaging in college’s intramural sport. Another behavioural change is to find co-curricular activities to ease their minds from pressure.
The plan will target college youths aged 16 to 24, and it will deliver opportunities for sport activities. The approach will focus on groups of individuals regardless of their background experience, gender, age and geographic location (Nair, 2015). Besides, if youth develops active sporting behaviour while in college, they are more likely to progress through life and be professionals in their sport of interest.
The youths with an interest in sport will be primary targets for the programme. For instance, the institution has individuals that have a keen interest in sport activities such as basketball, hockey, etc. It will present opportunities to those with sport talents. The implementation of the programme will allow students to explore, practice and sharpen their sport skills (Bramham, 2007).
The programme will target people of all genders aged 16 to 24 within Lambeth Clapham institution and Borough. It will outline sport training programmes for men and women. Additionally, it will guarantee female’s physical, sentimental and sexual safety. It will serve to safeguard their reputation, honour, respectability and marriageability (Kremer and Moran, 2008). Sport student council will deliver programme’s pen portrait to students on a weekly basis. They will give their feedback on the programme once they participate in sport activities.
Needs and Wants
The college needs to have sport facilities and equipment to implement the programme. The institution should establish long-term financing sources to cater for relevant sport equipment and facilities (Kremer and Moran, 2008). The money will finance the necessary training equipment, first aid kits utilised in cases of injuries, team jerseys, etc. Moreover, the institution should establish the programme based on evidence-based models.
The college should have an efficient funding management system to finance the sport facilities and equipment (Kremer and Moran, 2008). The institution needs to implement a monetary management system that is error-free since the Treasury Department will use it in financing sport equipment. Again, the failure to have an effective financial system may cause the programme to decline in the future. The college should ensure that they have a good fiscal management system that meets the financial needs of this sport programme.
Disability barrier prevents students from participating in college sport. A significant number of undergraduates with impairment issues do not have experience in sport. However, this situation varies among people since some acquired disability problem from birth while others developed the defect later in life. Issues of misunderstanding and experience of how to integrate individuals with a disability in sport programme are prevalent in the learning institution (Lapchick and Lapchick, 2001).
Social and cultural barriers hinder students from engaging in collegiate sport (Lapchick and Lapchick, 2001). Some students will not join sport programmes because of their religious beliefs. This group of students, especially girls, fears to participate in sport such as hockey or football since the society perceives it as a male game. Others fear to join sport because of their cultural backgrounds. For instance, Muslim students face many impediments to sport and training, including hijab bans, and religious prejudice.
A significant number of people in the college do not participate in athletics because of the colour barrier. Although the issues of racial discrimination are rare in contemporary colleges, some races dominate in various types of sport (Lapchick and Lapchick, 2001). For instance, the Whites may control football or swimming clubs. Such situations may make students from other races feel neglected and rejected by sport programmes.
Facilitators and Motivators
The programme will utilise coaches for instructing students during the training sessions and managing appropriate kits and equipment. Coaches will ensure that students connect with members of their team since sport requires teamwork (Nair, 2015). They will experience a sense of inclusion to these teams. The qualified teacher will ensure that the programme promotes skills development among students. The plan requires students’ parents to inspire their sons and daughters to participate in sport activities. Enrolling in this programme will make them compete at a higher level and perhaps become sport professionals later in life. The programme recommends the youth to get motivation from influential sport figures. For instance, the youth can get motivation from the UK’s sport professionals or Olympians. This approach will enable them to appreciate the importance of sport for their personal development. The plan will provide games opportunities that promote personal enjoyment. Sport activities will provide personal enjoyment to college youth. Consequently, the students will improve their physical fitness through complying with the training programme and engaging in sport.
Solution and Product Market Fit
- Dynamic clubs will offer opportunities such as safe environment for all persons to participate in games activities. They will accommodate wide opportunities for youth to engage in physical activities and sport. They will deliver sport plan for ball games, such as football, netball and basketball. They will not require any form of payment, especially for students (Gambetta, 2007).
- The programme will incorporate a coaching plan, which will highlight the required elements of the coaching process in a particular sport. The required principles of the coaching process are planning, conducting and assessing (Gambetta, 2007). The coach will establish short and long-term training programmes for students by using the planning principle. Comparatively, the conducting policy will require the coach to deliver the training programmes to the participants. Finally, the assessing principle will allow him to evaluate the training programme, athlete improvement and strategies of his coaching style.
- Equity plan is another relevant section of the programme. This procedure will highlight important strategies to guarantee that all people have a favourable opportunity to engage in sport irrespective of age, prowess, religion, cultural background or sexual orientation (Gambetta, 2007)..
- Holiday plan will cater for students on long-term holidays. The programme realises the significance of establishing a broad range of sport activities plan to collaborate with other notable organisations to prevent the students from falling to substance abuse (Gambetta, 2007). Additionally, the holiday plan will prevent students from getting bored during holidays and keep students who are not on internship programmes busy.
- Sport comprehensive programme will focus on increasing available sport activities to a certain level. Besides, it will be adjusting the physical activities to a certain extent on a weekly basis. The plan will deliver possible opportunities for students tightly held with academics to have ample time for engaging in sport (Gambetta, 2007). It will include football, basketball, tennis and netball.
- The swimming plan will present ample opportunities for students to exercise in the water. With this, the college will organise swimming galas that will enhance the number of college youth taking part in swimming competitions (Kremer and Moran, 2008). Besides, the newbies will have an opportunity to learn new swimming skills and perhaps become professionals. Those who complete the programme will get a certificate.
Meeting Needs and Wants
The programme delivers sport opportunities essential for reducing social problems such as depression and anxiety. It presents opportunities for students to participate in active sport clubs that require physical activity. According to a health survey conducted in the UK, stressed-out people involved in regular physical activity, such as sport, have fewer anxiety and depression symptoms (Mental Health Foundation, 2015). The physical exercises relieve the brain from stress and keep one’s mind away from daily pressure. Additionally, the sport is fun; it requires students to concentrate and has social significance, which is relevant for persons dwelling on depression. For instance, a student should join a dynamic club, such as football or tennis, as it will help him to reduce academic stress and any other form of abjection emerging from college activities.
Participating in regular sport activities will improve students’ self-esteem, which is a decisive psychological benefit of continuous physical activity. In fact, when a person exercises, the body produces endorphins (Colleges, 2015). The chemicals communicate with brain receptors that minimise the perception of pain. Moreover, endorphins produce a positive sensation in the body, identical to that of morphine. With this, college students suffering from mental depression and any other form of psychotic illness will benefit much from this sport programme.
The programme integrates equity plan that presents critical approaches to allow all students irrespective of their gender, disability, age, sexual orientation or religion to have a fair opportunity to participate in sport of their choice. This practical measure will eradicate disability and colour barrier from the ongoing programme. Because of this, students will participate in sport club without fear and will have an opportunity to explore their talents and skills (Nair, 2015). With this, students will cope with issues of despair, anxiety and psychological health deterioration.
Promoting Facilitators and Motivators
The coaching staff will evaluate athletes performance in training and collegiate competition. They will control the teams within dynamic clubs, which allows all students to participate in sport regardless of their gender, sex orientation, race or religion. It will enhance student affiliation as students connect with their team members (Nair, 2015). The social interaction will play a significant role in drawing others to sport. For instance, a coach will act as a counsellor by settling emotional problems with the perspective that sharing anxieties with others can alleviate stress and promote calmness. A student that controls his mental health, anxiety and depression issues via sport will motivate other students with similar problems to engage in sport. With continuous participation in sport, they will acquire feelings of identity, the sense of acceptance to a team and development of social skills.
The coach will sustain the motivation of youth throughout the semester. The programme will present sport opportunities that promote personal enjoyment. For instance, swimming clubs will allow the youth to experience fun with their peers, attain self-referenced skills and improve in the team. However, students can get individual satisfaction in case the activity of the team contributes to the positive outcomes, such as winning matches (Nair, 2015).
The parents will motivate their sons and daughter to engage in physical fitness since sport require regular physical exercises from athletes (Gambetta, 2007). The activities will play a crucial role in enhancing athletes’ health and well-being. Borough will summon dignitary sport professionals to motivate the youth by means of presenting the benefit of engaging in collegiate sport and regular physical activities. It is also an ideal approach for stemming youth obesity within the institution. Such healthy activities will improve cardiovascular and musculoskeletal health (Nair, 2015). Because of this, they are less likely to suffer from chronic diseases such as heart ailments, hypertension and diabetes.
Barclays Spaces for Sport (BS4S) Alignment
Dynamic clubs will collaborate with BS4S in identifying young talents across the UK to participate in this programme (Football Foundation, 2015). The dynamic club offers an opportunity for people to engage in sport such as football, basketball, tennis and hockey. It provides a favourable opportunity for college students to determine sport areas of interest. The club will put more emphasis on football for its national marketability and overall health benefit (Nair, 2015). The coaching staff will benefit from coaching kits and equipment packs issued by BS4S.
The programme aims to presents students with opportunities of participating in sport. It intends to utilise the power of sport to issue programmes that engage college youth. For instance, dynamic clubs plan will integrate football, basketball, etc. Participation in these activities will allow students to handle issues of depression and anxiety. Additionally, the programme aims to develop students’ skills such as teamwork, communication and time management (Football Foundation, 2015). It will guarantee professional coaches who will train students to improve in sport. Finally, it aims to keep the current support for sport in the college for the future. The coaching staff will continue to offer mental and physical support as the students enter the next stage of their growth and development, especially if they focus on professional sport.
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The Sports Development Unit (SDU) will collaborate with accredited sport institutions, including,Redditch Schools Partnership, Worcestershire County Council and Herefordshire and Worcestershire Sport Partnership, to allow more people to participate in sport and finance ball games equipment in the college. It will allow SDU to meet its objective of ensuring that college students participate in games and physical activities (Bramham, 2007). Moreover, the plan specifies clear objectives to involve and deliver a wide range of sport activities to the faculty that are reachable to all people in the institution. The plan will be viable to all persons in the college regardless of race, sexual orientation, ability and ethnicity. SDU will collaborate with notable sport institutions, such as Youth Services, Student Council and YMCA, to control and assess games activities in the college. SDU will hear students’ voices and grievances on sport.
In conclusion, new colleges are incorporating sport programmes that promote overall development of the youth. Social interaction, personal enjoyment and physical fitness are essential benefits of sport presented by the sport development programme. Moreover, the plan will eradicate barriers, such as disability, ethnicity and colour, in the society. The removal of these barriers will allow students of all races, gender, sexual orientation and cultural background to participate in sport activities that the institution offers. Mostly, students with academic stress, depression and anxiety will benefit from regular sport activities. They will develop high self-esteem, social skills and physical fitness, which is significant for reduction of stress levels. Concerning this, the college can strive for the best standards of the programme by tutoring and training coaches, integrating sport into the academic curriculum and complying with the guidelines developed by interstate sport governing bodies. This practice will facilitate the programme to have optimum benefit for all students, regardless of sexual orientation, ability, race and religion.